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Location: Central America, bordering both the Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific Ocean, between Costa Rica and Honduras
Geographic coordinates: 13° 0' N, 85° 0' W
Coastline km: 910 km km
Climate: tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands
Terrain: extensive Atlantic coastal plains rising to central interior mountains; narrow Pacific coastal plain interrupted by volcanoes
Elevation: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Mogoton 2,438 m
Natural hazards: destructive earthquakes; volcanoes; landslides; extremely susceptible to hurricanes volcanism: Nicaragua experiences significant volcanic activity; Cerro Negro (elev. 728 m, 2,388 ft), which last erupted in 1999, is one of Nicaragua's most active volcanoes; its lava flows and ash have been known to cause significant damage to farmland and buildings; other historically active volcanoes include Concepcion, Cosiguina, Las Pilas, Masaya, Momotombo, San Cristobal, and Telica
Currency: cordobas (NIO)
Population: 5,995,928 (July 2010 est.)
Languages: Spanish 97.5% (official), Miskito 1.7%, other 0.8% (1995 census)
Divisions: 15 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) and 2 autonomous regions* (regiones autonomistas, singular - region autonoma); Atlantico Norte*, Atlantico Sur*, Boaco, Carazo, Chinandega, Chontales, Esteli, Granada, Jinotega, Leon, Madriz, Managua, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nueva Segovia, Rio San Juan, Rivas
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|Granada||3 / -||Everyone||Lake|
|Laguna de Apoyo||1 / -||Established||Lake|
|Las Salinas||- / -||Experts||Beach|
|Little Corn Island||4 / -||Established||Beach|
|Playa Maderas||5 / -||Established||Beach|
|San Jorge de Rivas||- / -||Everyone||Lake|
|San Juan del Sur||1 / -||Everyone||Lake|
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By Leonard , 13 Dec
Central America - Focal America is the decreasing isthmus of southern North America, with exceptional and differed geographic highlights. The Pacific Ocean deceives the southwest, the Caribbean Sea misleads the upper east, and the Gulf of Mexico misleads the north. Some physiography characterize the Isthmus of Tehuantepec as the northern geographic fringe of Central America Due to the channel like state of its property mass, transient winged animals can be seen in high focuses in Central America, particularly in the spring and harvest time. As an extension between North America and South America, Central America has numerous species.
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